Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his He was born Edgar Poe in Boston on January 19, , the second child of .. All medical records have been lost, including his death certificate.
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Crowell, , I, pp.
Griswold, Rufus Wilmot, ed. It is likely that Poe not only supplied much of the biographical material but also wrote or edited parts of the text. At least one Poe scholar believes that Poe himself is the actual author. Much of the information it contains is erroneous. Full text reprinted in facsimile by Burton R. Redfield, , vol 1, pp. Reprinted in Carlson, Eric W. III, November 10, , pp.
- Edgar Allan Poe | Poetry Foundation.
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I, October , pp. This article was simultaneously published as the next item. Although dated for October, this issue would probably have been available by mid-September, following the usual practice and allowing for delivery by the date of publication. Redfield, , vol III, pp.
This is the infamous memoir that is chiefly responsible for most of the Poe myth as an irredeemable alcoholic and a person with an inherently immoral nature. Volumes I and II were published about the end of , with notices by N.
Edgar Allan Poe: A Biography in Quotes | NEA
Willis and J. In , after the initial stock of these books had been sold, the three volumes were reprinted as a set, with the memoir moved to volume 1. The memoir includes a number of letters written by Poe, but significantly altered by Griswold to serve his own purposes. Excerpts of the memoir are reprinted in Carlson, Eric W.
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- When he died, Poe was on his way to Philadelphia for an editing job.
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Hall, , pp. Reprinted by T. Mabbott, ed. VII, pp. Ingram, John H. Poe , New York: W. Widdleton, , pp. He was also determined that Poe was born on February 19 rather than January 19, an error he continued to argue long after it was clear that he was simply wrong. King, , II, pp. Widdleton, Fifth edition.
Revised in one volume , London: W. Allen Co. Reprinted in [2nd edition], , [4th printing], , , , , and Reprinted by Chelsea House Publishers, and Harrison, James A. Crowell, Originally printed as Vol. I of Harrison, ed,. The letters are given as Vol. Both volumes are reprinted, with some minor revisions, as Life and Letters of Edgar Allan Poe , 2 vols.
Today, no one knows. Strangely, all medical records have been lost, and no death certificate appears to be in existence. Together, these factors make his death one of the most mysterious in literary history—and, subsequently, a particularly fitting ending for Poe. Photo: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain.
Today, Poe is celebrated for his distinctive writing style and pioneering approach to poetry and short stories. Though he lived and worked in the United States, his oeuvre is well-known throughout the world; in fact, he is particularly renowned in France, thanks to an extensive translation effort by 19th-century poet Charles Baudelaire. Of course, Poe is also popular in the United States.
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To Poe, however, it was not a dream of professional success that inspired him to write; it was his love for the practice. Find out how by becoming a Patron. Celebrating creativity and promoting a positive culture by spotlighting the best sides of humanity—from the lighthearted and fun to the thought-provoking and enlightening. By Kelly Richman-Abdou on October 31, Like My Modern Met on Facebook. Get Our Weekly Newsletter. Biographers disagree as to the nature of the couple's relationship. Though their marriage was loving, some biographers suggest they viewed one another more like a brother and sister.
In January , she contracted tuberculosis , growing worse for five years until she died of the disease at the age of 24 in the family's cottage , at that time outside New York City. Marriage plans were confirmed and Poe returned to Baltimore to file for a marriage license on September 22, The couple might have been quietly married as well, though accounts are unclear.
Amasa Converse. Cleland confirming the bride's alleged age. James Yarrington,  the owner of the boarding house in which Poe, Virginia, and Virginia's mother Maria Clemm were staying. Debate has raged regarding how unusual this pairing was based on the couple's age and blood relationship. Along with other family members, Virginia Clemm and Edgar Allan Poe lived together off and on for several years before their marriage.
The couple often moved to accommodate Poe's employment, living intermittently in Baltimore , Philadelphia , and New York. A few years after their wedding, Poe was involved in a substantial scandal involving Frances Sargent Osgood and Elizabeth F. Rumors about amorous improprieties on her husband's part affected Virginia Poe so much that on her deathbed she claimed that Ellet had murdered her.
After her death, her body was eventually placed under the same memorial marker as her husband's in Westminster Hall and Burying Ground in Baltimore, Maryland. Only one image of Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe has been authenticated: a watercolor portrait painted several hours after her death. The disease and eventual death of his wife had a substantial effect on Edgar Allan Poe, who became despondent and turned to alcohol to cope. Her struggles with illness and death are believed to have affected his poetry and prose, where dying young women appear as a frequent motif, as in " Annabel Lee ", " The Raven ", and " Ligeia ".
Virginia Eliza Clemm was born in  and named after an older sister who had died at age two  only ten days earlier. Edgar Poe first met his cousin Virginia in August , four months after his discharge from the Army. She was seven at the time. The young Virginia served as a messenger between the two, at one point retrieving a lock of Devereaux's hair to give to Poe. Neilson offered to take her in and have her educated in an attempt to prevent the girl's marriage to Edgar at such a young age, though suggesting that the option could be reconsidered later. Virginia and Poe were by all accounts a happy and devoted couple.
Poe's one-time employer George Rex Graham wrote of their relationship: "His love for his wife was a sort of rapturous worship of the spirit of beauty. Ever with thee I wish to roam — Dearest my life is thine. Give me a cottage for my home And a rich old cypress vine, Removed from the world with its sin and care And the tattling of many tongues. Love alone shall guide us when we are there — Love shall heal my weakened lungs; And Oh, the tranquil hours we'll spend, Never wishing that others may see! Perfect ease we'll enjoy, without thinking to lend Ourselves to the world and its glee — Ever peaceful and blissful we'll be.
The "tattling of many tongues" in Virginia's Valentine poem was a reference to actual incidents. At the same time, another poet, Elizabeth F. Ellet , became enamored of Poe and jealous of Osgood.
Edgar Allan Poe Biography
Angered by their interference, Poe called them "Busy-bodies" and said that Ellet had better "look after her own letters", suggesting indiscretion on her part. Though these letters had already been returned to her, Ellet asked her brother "to demand of me the letters ". In order to defend himself, Poe requested a pistol from Thomas Dunn English.
Poe later claimed he was triumphant in the fight, though English claimed otherwise, and Poe's face was badly cut by one of English's rings. Osgood's husband stepped in and threatened to sue Ellet unless she formally apologized for her insinuations. She retracted her statements in a letter to Osgood saying, "The letter shown me by Mrs Poe must have been a forgery " created by Poe himself.